Grammar – Gerund or Infinitive

Gerund or Infinitive

Gerunds are verbs used as nouns, and are formed by adding -ing to the infinitive.

  • E.g. dance – dancing, enjoy – enjoying, etc.

They are used:

1. After prepositions:

  • Before making decisions I always consult my friends.
  • I am quick at reaching conclusions.
  • After watching the film I went to bed.

2. After certain verbs (e.g. verbs of emotion Like, love, enjoy, hate, etc and verbs such as finish and stop):

  • I love walking in the park.
  • We enjoy dancing on Saturdays.
  • I finished working at three o’clock.

3. As the subject of a sentence:

  • Translating French is a challenge.
  • Eating pizza is one of my favourite hobbies.
  • Checking detail is not one of my strong points.

 

Infinitives are used:

1. After certain verbs:

  • To try to do something
  • To persuade somebody to do something, etc
  • To choose to do something
  • To decide to do something
  • To forget to do something
  • To promise to do something
  • To need to do something
  • To help somebody to do something
  • To hope to do something
  • To want to do something
  • To would like to do something

2. After certain adjectives:

  • Hard to do something
  • Easy to do something

 

Questions

Complete the following sentences using a gerund or an infinitive.

 
1)

I´m looking forward to  

on holiday.

 
2)

She left the room without  

goodbaye.

 
3)

I was surprised 

you at the party.

 
4) Do you like ?  
5)

It is difficult  

antiques.

 
6)

We prefer  

seafood.

 
7)

They managed  

home before dark.

 
8)

He stopped 

 as an accountand.

 
9)

 books,

is one of my favourite hobbies.

 
10)

I´m thinking of  

to Paris.

 
11)

They always try  

music before  

to bed.

 
12)

Thank you for  

me.

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